According to the
, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE.
This is also considered the date on which
Krishna left the earth to return to
This information is placed at the temple of
Bhalka, the place of this incident (see photo).
According to the astronomer and mathematician
Aryabhata the Kali Yuga started in 3102 BCE. He finished his book Aryabhattiyam in 499 CE, in which he gives the exact year of the beginning of Kali Yuga. He writes that he wrote the book in the "year 3600 of the Kali Age" at the age of 23. As it was the 3600th year of the Kali Age when he was 23 years old, and given that Aryabhata was born in 476 CE, the beginning of the Kali Yuga would come to (3600 - (476 + 23) + 1 (As only one year elapses between 1 BCE and 1 CE)) = 3102 BCE.
KD Abhyankar, the starting point of Kali Yuga is an extremely rare planetary alignment, which is depicted in the
Going by this alignment the year 3102 BCE is slightly off. The actual date for this alignment is 7 February 3104 BCE. There is also sufficient proof to believe that Vrdhha
Garga knew of
precession at least by 500 BCE. Garga had calculated the rate of precession to within 30% of what the modern scholars estimate.
The common belief until
Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri had analyzed the dating of the yuga cycles was that the Kali Yuga would last for roughly 432,000 years after the end of the Dwapara Yuga (3102 BCE). This originated during the puranic times when the famous astronomer Aryabhata
recalculated the timeline by artificially inflating the traditional 12,000 year figure with a multiplication of 360, which was represented as the number of "human years" that make up a single "divine year". This was likely a purposeful miscalculation due to conflicts with one of the preeminent astronomer of the time
However, both the Mahabharata (which was used by Aryabhata in his calculations) and the Manu Smriti have the original value of 12,000 years for one half of the yuga cycle.
Contemporary analysis of historical data from the last 11 millennia
matches with the indigenous Saptarishi Calendar.
The length of the transitional periods between each yuga is unclear, and can only be estimated based on historical data of past cataclysmic events. Using a 300 year (10% of the length of a particular yuga) period for transitions, Kali Yuga has either ended recently in the past 100 to 200 years, or is to end soon sometime in the next 100 years.
Other authors, such as the revered Hindu guru
Swami Sri Yukteswar
in his book
The Holy Science, as well as the influential Yogi
believe that the Kali Yuga has already ended, and that we are now in an ascending
Dvapara Yuga. This calculation is also supported
by modern day spiritual masters such as